For Those Not Performing Hajj
The Day of Arafah
- On this day, Allah سبحانه وتعالى perfected the religion of Islam.
Ayah 3 , in Soorah Maaidah was revealed to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم on Mount Arafah while he was doing Hajj.
الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا
This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
- Fasting on this day is an expiation of the sins for 2 years: the year before and the year after.
Abu Qutaadah رضي الله عنه said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
It (fasting on Arafah Day) expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year. [Muslim]
NOTE: It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not performing Hajj. As for those performing Hajj, it is not the Sunnah.
- It is the day when Allah سبحانه وتعالى forgives the most people of their sins.
Aaisha رضي الله عنها said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
There is no day on which Allaah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of Arafah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’
- This Eid runs for the duration of 4 days: the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul Hijjah.
- The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said in regards to the 10th of Dhul Hijjah:
“The greatest of days before Allaah is the Day of Sacrifice”
[Abu Dawood, al-Albaani: saheeh]
- It is highly recommended that all those with the financial capability should do a sacrifice.
- The sacrifice can be done on any of the 4 days.
- Once the head of the household does a sacrifice, it is sufficient for all the dependants.
However, the dependants are free to do their own separate sacrifice as a form of ebaadah and a way to get closer to Allah سبحانه وتعالى.
الله اكبر الله اكبر الله اكبر، لا اله إلا الله، الله اكبر الله اكبر، و لله الحمد
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There us no god but Allah. Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. And to him is all Praise.
- This is the takbeer, and it should be repeated continuously from the Day of Arafah until the last day of Eid. That is, from the 9th to the 13th of Dhul Hijjah.
- During these days, it should be repeated by the Muslim at any time that he or she remembers throughout the day. (Just as it should be from the 1st to 8th of Dhul Hijjah).
- During these 5 days, it should also be repeated after the 5 daily salahs. (This is only for these 5 days).
- It is a bid’ah (innovation) to read it as a group or chant it in congregation.