Lesson 2: Hajj: Day 1 & Day 2 (8 & 9 Dhul Hijjah)
8TH OF DHUL HIJJAH
- Hajj officially begins on the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah.
This day is called Yawm-at-Tarwiyah: the Day of Fetching Water.
Why? It is said because Arafah is a dry place, and so the pilgrims would drink a lot before leaving for Arafah and then fetch as much water as possible with them there.
# 9: Niyyah (Intention) for Hajj
- In accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, all those who want to make Hajj must now enter into the ihraam for Hajj. They do this from wherever they are in Makkah…it does not have to be from the Masjid-al-Haraam.
- Those performing Hajj Ifraad or Hajj Qiraan will already be in a state of ihraam.
- Those performing Hajj Tamattu’ (anyone who did umrah and exited ihraam) must now verbalize the niyyah/ intention for Hajj:
لبيك اللهم حجاً
(Here I am, oh Allah, for Hajj)
*During Hajj & Umrah is the only time where the intention is verbalized
- From the beginning of Hajj until the stoning of the Jamaraat, a pilgrim should be in constant ebaadah, and also constantly say the talbiyah:
لبّيك اللهم لبّيك. لبّيك لا شريك لك لبّيك. إن الحمد والنعمة، لك والملك، لا شريك لك
Here I am, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Indeed all praise, grace, and dominion are Yours. You have no partner.
#10: Going to Mina
- The pilgrim now travels from Makkah to Mina, and it is from the sunnah to be there for salaat-ul-dhuhr (just after noon).
- The pilgrim will remain in Mina until salaat-ul-Fajr the next day, which would be the 9th of Dhul Hijjah.
- All the pilgrims, whether they are a resident of Makkah or have travelled to Makkah for Hajj, must pray the salaahs at Mina at their appointed time, but in shortened version (Qasr).
- This means, Dhuhr will be prayed at its appointed time but 2 rak’ahs only, Asr at its time but 2 rak’ahs only, Maghrib at its time with 3 rak’ahs, eshaa at its time but 2 rak’ahs only, and Fajr at its with 2 rak’ahs.
9TH OF DHUL HIJJAH
- The second day of Hajj is the 9th day of Dhul Hijjah.
This day is called Yawm-u-Arafah, or Arafah Day.
Why? Becasue this is the day during Hajj when the pilgrims gather at Arafah in ebaadah.
#11 Standing at Arafah
- After praying Fajr at Mina, the pilgrims will depart from Mina when the sun has risen (shurooq). They will now travel to Arafah.
- On this day, just after noon, the imaam will deliver a khutbah to the pilgrims at Arafah.
- After the khutbah, one adhaan will be called. Now the pilgrims will pray salaat-ul-dhuhr and salaat-ul-asr. Both salaahs should be shortened to two rak’ahs each. But they will be prayed right after each other, combined, with two different iqaamahs.
- After this, the pilgrims will remain standing at Arafah until the time of salaat-ul-maghrib (after the sun sets).
- During this time, they should engage in constant ebaadah: reciting the talbiyah, reading Qur’an, making dua’, and remembering Allah in dhikr, etc.
- This is the greatest day to seek forgiveness and turn to Allah سبحانه وتعالى . The pilgrim should do this from the bottom of their heart, thinking only of Allah سبحانه وتعالى and being in full humility.
Aaisha رضي الله عنها reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
ما من يوم اكثر من أن يعتق الله فيه عبدا من النار من يوم عرفة. وانه ليدنو ثم يباهي بهم الملائكة،
فيقول ما اراد هؤلاء
There is no day that Allah releases more of His slaves from Hell than on the Day of Arafah. He becomes closer to man and speaks proudly of him to the angels. He says: “What do these slaves of mine seek?” [Muslim]
- The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told us the best dua to recite on this auspicious day. Amr bin Shuaib رضي الله عنه reported that he صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
خير الدعاء دعاء يوم عرفه وافضل ما قلت انا والنبيون من قبلي
لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له. له الملك وله الحمد يحيي ويميت وهو على كل شيء قدير
The best supplication is on the Dya of Arafah. And the best [supplication] is what i and the Messengers preceding me have said: “There is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is Alone, having no partner. To Him belongs the Kingdom and all praises. He causes life and death and He has power over everything.” [Tirmidhee]
- The pilgrim will continue praying and engaging in ebaadah until sunset. Then the pilgrims will leave Arafah, but they will not pray maghrib yet.
#12: Staying at Muzdalifah
- Upon arriving in Muzdalifah, the pilgrims should immediately pray salaat-ul-maghrib and salaat-ul-eshaa. The two salaahs should be prayed in shortened form, combined, with one adhaan and two iqaamahs.
- The pilgrims should remain here until salaat-ul-fajr.
NOTE: It is allowed for the women, children, elderly, etc to leave after midnight instead of waiting until Fajr. This is to avoid the crowd and should only be done due to necessity.
- The pilgrims can collect the stones needed to throw at the Jamaraat here. However, it is not necessary that the stones be from Muzdalifah; the pilgrims can collect it anywhere.